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Indiana State Guide

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Indiana FlagImage source: http://www.in.gov
The state of Indiana is situated in the Great Lakes and Midwestern region of North America. It is one of the largest and the most populous of the 50 United States. The etymological meaning of the state of Indiana is ‘Land of the Indians,’ or ‘Indian Land. Indianapolis is the largest city and is the capital of Indiana. Indiana attained its statehood on December 11, 1816. The state of Indiana is bordered on the east by Ohio, on the west by Illinois while Michigan lies to the north, Lake Michigan borders Indiana on the northwest and the Ohio River separates Indiana from Kentucky on the south. The state also has a diverse economy. Indiana also has a number of metropolitan areas and several smaller industrial cities and towns.

Fast Facts[1]

Capital city:
Indianapolis
Largest city by population: Indianapolis
Indiana State Bird: Cardinal
Indiana State Flower: Peony
Indiana State Tree: Tulip Tree
Indiana State River: Wabash River
Indiana State Stone: Salem Limestone
Indiana State Song: On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away, by Paul Dresser
Indiana State Poem: Indiana, by Arthur Franklin Mapes
Indiana State Language: English
Indiana State Motto: The Crossroads of America (1937 General Assembly resolution)
Indiana State Nickname: The Hoosier State

History of Indiana

Indiana during the year 1670, entered history when the first Europeans visited Indiana and claimed the territory for the Kingdom of France. During the French and Indian war, France was defeated by Great Britain. After defeating the French, the British ruled the land for more than twenty years, until they were defeated in the American Revolutionary War.  In the year 1800, the territory of Indiana, was the first new territory established from a part of the Northwest Territory. Indiana was admitted to the Union in 1816 as the nineteenth state. During the late 19th century, industry in Indiana began to develop rapidly. In the same time period Indiana’s Golden Age of Literature began increasing its cultural influence. By the early 20th century, the state emerged as a strong manufacturing state.

Indiana during 17th and 18th century[2]

History of Indiana
Image source: http://www.in.gov

During the year 1614 – 1615 New France governor, Samuel de Champlain explored the Maumee River region. In the year 1671, Simon de Saint-Lusson claimed most of the area for France. In the year 1779, Rene-Robert Cavelier de La Salle and Louis de Baude de Frontenac planned to control the Maumee-Wabash trade route. The plan also included relocation of Miami Indians to headwaters of Maumee River.  During the year 1728 – 1732, France established Vincennes established on Wabash River by France, first European settlement in area. In the year 1747 British convinced King Nicolas, Huron Indian Chief, to attack French-owned Fort Miami. France and Indian War started in the 1754 and ended in the year 1763. England in 1763 gained control of Vincennes and Indiana area. In the same year British made proclamation forbidding settlement west of Appalachian Mountains. Indian war parties were sent by Britishers to attack settlers who disobeyed proclamation. General Gage in the year 1772 ordered France to leave settlements in Wabash Valley and also demanded land deeds. In the year 1774 British Parliament passed Quebec Act, French settlements, which included Indiana, in province of Quebec. Revolutionary War started from 1775 – 1783. The British in 1777 encouraged Indians to attack settlers George Rogers Clark. In the year 1778, Colonel George Rogers Clark's expedition captured Fort Sackville at Vincennes and Indiana became part of Virginia. Henry Hamilton, British Governor overtook Fort Sackville. In the year 1779 British at Fort Sackville surrendered to Colonel George Rogers Clark, his expedition and Francis Vigo. Treaty of Paris in the year 1783 gave modern -day Indiana lands to United States. Northwest Territory was created in 1787 by the Continental Congress. The territory was to be governed by a governor and three judges. The laws prohibited slavery and also encouraged public education. It also guaranteed religious freedom and civil rights. In the year 1794, Anthony Wayne, led by Tecumseh overwhelmed Shawnee Indians, in battle near rapids of Maumee River. Later Anthony Wayne set up a fort, named Fort Wayne.

Indiana during the 19th century[3]

In the year 1800 Indiana Territory was set up from Northwest Territory. William Henry Harrison became the first Governor of the territory and Vincennes was named capital of Indiana. In the year 1803 Indians signed
William Henry HarrisonImage source: http://www.in.gov
treaties giving up land in Indiana. Michigan Territory was separated from Indiana Territory in the year 1805. Illinois Territory also got separated from Indiana in the year 1809. Chief Tecumseh and Indians in the year 1811 were defeated in Battle of Tippecanoe. In the 1812 War of 1812 began.  In 1814, Treaty of Ghent ended War of 1812. In the year 1816 Indiana became 19th U. S. state. Jonathan Jennings became the first Governor of the state of Indiana. Abraham Lincoln and family in the same year moved to Indiana. In the year 1818, Indians gave up claims to portion of central Indiana, "New Purchase". In the year 1825, state capital shifted to Indianapolis. In the year 1835 Wabash and Erie Canal opened from Fort Wayne to Huntington. University of Notre Dame founded in 1842. In 1851, State Constitution was adopted, which also included measure protecting property rights of married women. During the year 1861 – 1865 Civil war occurred. Standard Oil Co. built refinery in Whiting in 1889. Tribal status of Miami Indians terminated in the year 1897.

Indiana during the 20th Century[4]

U. S. Steel Company built plant in 1906 which was founded by Gary. In the year 1911 First Indy 500 auto race occurred. Workmen's Compensation Act was enacted in 1915. Many people died during the Tri-State tornado in which struck Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri in 1925. In the year 1937, Studebaker Automobile Corporation stopped auto production at South Bend plant in the year 1963. Many people were killed and severe property was damaged in a series of 148 tornadoes whch struck the Midwest and Southern states, including Indiana in 1974. Herbert Baumeister, Indianapolis businessman, killed 16 men in the year 1980. NFL Baltimore Colts was shifted to Indianapolis in 1984.  Ten people were killed when Air Force jet crashed into Ramada Inn near Indianapolis Airport in the year 1897. Indianian J. Danforth Quayle was U. S. Vice President in 1988. Sixteen people were killed in an Explosion at Southern Energy Co. in Hammond in 1998. Lilly Endowment Inc. presented $50 million grant to Hispanic Scholarship Fund in 1999.

Indiana during the 21st Century[5]

In the year 2001 Cicero's town president and nine others were charged with stealing $10 million in taxpayer monies. In the same year, Timothy McVeigh, Oklahoma City bomber was executed at Federal Penitentiary in Terre Haute. In the year 2003 Governor Frank O’Bannon died of a massive heart attack. Hundreds of people were injured when a tornado struck Evansville in 2005.

Indiana Statehood Timeline[6]

1780 October 10: "Resolution on Public Lands," is passed by the Continental Congress which resolves to settle lands west of Appalachian Mountains and create future states.

1783 September 3: The treaty of Paris was signed and this ends the American Revolution officially. This also recognized American independence from Great Britain.

1785 May 20: The Land Ordinance of 1785 allows surveying and selling of land in Western Reserve.
1787 July 13:  The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was established and provides a system of government for, Northwest Territory

1800 May 7: The Congress divides the Northwest Territory into 2 territories: Indiana Territory and Northwest Territory.

1800 May 13: William Henry Harrison was appointed as the Governor of Indiana Territory. John Gibson was appointed as the secretary, Henry Van der Burgh, William Clark, and John Griffin was appointed as the judges.

1801 March 4: Thomas Jefferson was the first President and was inaugurated in Washington, D.C.

1803 February 19: Ohio became the 17th state of U.S
.
1804 August 4: Harrison issues proclamation and calls for election to determine if voters want general assembly .

1804 December 5: Harrison proclaims Indiana Territory advancement to 2nd stage of government which allowed general assembly.
 
1805 January 11: Act by Congress splits Indiana Territory and created Michigan Territory.

1808 February 26: Suffrage Act of 1808 gave the right to vote to those holding town lots with minimum value of $100.

1808 December 7: James Madison was as the elected president

1809 February 3: Congress passes act which divided Indiana Territory, and created  Illinois Territory.

1811 March 3: The Congress revised the Suffrage Act of 1808 and  any free white male, 21 years or older, who has paid a county or territorial tax and has resided 1 year in said territory has the right to  vote.

1811 December 11: By a 4 to 3 vote, Indiana General Assembly petitioned the Congress for statehood. The representatives Peter Jones of Knox, James Dill of Dearborn, and Richard Rue of Wayne opposed the petition sending with it their written objections that the territory was too small, population too scattered, and cost of a state government was too expensive. The petition was denied but congressional committee would allow statehood when population reached 35,000. But due to lack of money, territory did not pursue statehood.

1812 June 18: The War of 1812 started and Americans fight British for control of American lands and shipping.

1812 December 2: James Madison was re-elected the President.
 
1813 March 11: The Indiana General Assembly passed the State Capital Act and moved the territorial capital from Vincennes to Corydon.

1813 September 29: Harrison's troops take Detroit; British retreat to Canada.

1813 October 5: Harrison defeats British General Henry Proctor at Battle of Thames, Ontario, Canada; Tecumseh killed, destroying Indian resistance and British power in Northwest.

1814 August 24:  Washington, D.C. captured by British.

1814 December 24: Treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812.
 
1815 December 11:  Indiana's General Assembly petitions Congress for statehood.

1815 December 28: Jonathan Jennings, territorial representative to Congress, lays memorial for statehood before Congress; referred to committee, Jennings named chairman.

1816 January 5: Congressional committee for Indiana statehood reports bill to House of Representatives for citizens of Indiana Territory to form a constitution.

1816 April 19:  President Madison signs Enabling Act allowing Indiana Territory to hold constitutional convention.

1816 May 13: Election of delegates to constitutional convention which was scheduled to start June 10
1816 June 10: Constitutional delegates (43) meet at Corydon to compose Indiana's state constitution; turn in certificates that they were duly elected; take oaths to U.S. and to discharge their duties faithfully ; elect officers with Jonathan Jennings, president, William Hendricks, secretary, Henry Batman, doorkeeper; assign committees to set up rules to govern convention; vote to form immediately constitution and state government. 

1816 June 11: James Dill, delegate and lawyer from Lawrenceburg, reports 27 rules for government of convention.

1816 June 12: Delegates resolve to appoint 12 committees to form articles of constitution; employ at least two assistant secretaries; assign delegates to committees.

1816 June 13-28: Delegates work on preamble and articles of constitution.

1816 June 28: Contracts made for printing journal and constitution; payment of secretaries, doorkeepers.
1816 June 29:  Convention adjourns

1816 August 5: First state and county elections held after state constitutional convention adjourned.

1816 August 5:  Jonathan Jennings elected 1st governor of Indiana; inaugurated November 7.

1816 November 4: Indiana holds first General Assembly under 1816 Constitution.

1816 December 2: Indiana congressmen and senators present when U.S. Congress opens

1816 December 11: President Madison approves Indiana's admission into union as 19th state.

1818 December 3: Illinois becomes 21st state

1837 January 26: Michigan becomes 26th state.

1848 May 29: Wisconsin becomes 30th state.

1850 October 7: Constitutional convention assembles in Indianapolis; 150 delegates serve 127 days; adjourns February 10, 1851.

1851 November 1: Constitution takes effect; Indiana citizens vote August 4, adopting constitution 82, 564-26, 755.

1858 May 11: Minnesota becomes 32nd state.

Geography of Indiana

The state of Indiana lies between longitude 84 degree 49' W to 88 degree 4' W and Latitude 37 degree 47' N to 41 degree 46' N.  Indiana is bounded by Ohio in the east, Illinois in the west, Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan on the north and on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border. The highest point in Indiana is Hoosier Hill in Franklin Township and the lowest point is the where the Wabash River flows into the Ohio River, in Posey County. The major rivers in Indiana include Kankakee River, Ohio River, Wabash River, Tippecanoe River and White River.

Regions of Indiana

The landscape of the state of Indiana is influenced by three main land regions namely the Great Lakes Plains in the north, the Till Plains in central Indiana and the Southern Plains and Lowlands in the south.

Great Lakes Plains

The Great Lakes Plains is fertile lowland running along the Great Lakes from Wisconsin through Illinois and Indiana to Ohio. The land, along the Lake Michigan is characterized by large sand dunes. To the south of the sand dunes are the rich black soils which are very helpful for the farmers of Indiana. Located to the south of sand dunes are number of many small lakes and low hills. This region is also called the Northern Lake and Moraine Region. Moraines are low hills of rock and earth that are left behind by melting glaciers at the end of the ice age.

Till Plains

The Till Plains is located to the south of the Great Lakes Plains that passes through the center of Indiana. The fertile Till Plains in Indian also is a portion of the great Midwestern Corn Belt. The landscape of the Till Plains is also characterized by low valleys and hills.  Hoosier Hill, the highest point in Indiana, is located in Franklin Township in the east.

Southern Plains and Lowlands

The Southern Plains and Lowlands are located to the South of the Till Plains.  This area is the hilliest point of the state as Ice age glaciers did not advance into this southerly section of Indiana. Knobs are generally steep hills and this part of Indiana is characterized by a series of knobs divided by lowlands. It is in this part of Indiana where number of caverns has been carved in the limestone by underground streams including the Wyandotte and Marengo caves.

Climate of Indiana

The Climate of Indiana is of humid continental type with warm and wet summers and cold winters. The extreme southern portion of the state of Indiana is located in the humid subtropical climate area and faces more precipitation than other parts of Indiana. The temperatures in Indiana usually diverge from the north and south portions of the state.

The average high and low temperatures in the middle of the winter, range from around 30 degree F to 15 degree F in the far north to 39 degree F to 22 degree F in the far south. There is generally a little less variation across the state during the middle of summer and the average high and low temperature ranges from 84 degree F to 64 degree F in the far north to 90 degree F to 69 degree F in the far south. Although droughts occurs occasionally in the state, rainfall totals are equally distributed throughout the year

Important Mountain Peaks in Indiana

Hoosier Hill: It is the highest point in the state of Indiana and it is located in the rural area of Franklin Township, Wayne County to the northwest of Bethel.

Sand Hill: It is also one of the highest summits in the state of Indiana. It is situated in the northeastern Wayne Township in Noble County. Sand Hill is about two and a half miles southeast of the town of South Milford.

Weed Patch Hill: This mountain peak is located in waterloo in Indiana.

Diamond Hill is: It is a 1,050 ft and 320 m mountain peak located near Topeka in the U.S state of Indiana.
English Hill:  It is also another mountain peak located near Liberty in the U.S state of Indiana.

Geography quick facts

Land area in square miles, 2010: 35,826.11
Persons per square mile, 2010: 181.0

Indiana Forest Service

Indiana Department of Natural resource looks after the forest resources in Indiana and is responsible for ensuring quality and adequate forest resources for the state to meet present and future needs of the state. The state Forest in Indiana includes:

Clark State Forest

Clark State Forest
Image source: http://www.in.gov/


Clark State Forest was established in the year 1903. The Forest is the oldest state forest in Indiana. For many years, the forest was used as an experimental forest .

Contact Details:
Address: P.O. Box 119
Henryville, IN 47126
Phone no: (812) 294-4306

To Know more about Clark State Forest Click here.

Ferdinand State Forest

Ferdinand State Forest was established in the year 1933-1934 when a local conservation club raised funds to buy 900 acres of land to dig a lake and set up a recreational area for hunting and fishing.  The club gave the offered management of the project to the Indiana Department of Conservation and hence, in the following year marked the establishment of Ferdinand State Forest.

Contact Details:
Address: 6583 E. SR 264
Ferdinand, IN 47532
Phone no: (812) 367-1524

To know more about Ferdinand State Forest Click here.

Greene-Sullivan State Forest

Greene-Sullivan State Forest founded in the year 1936. The forest  is one of the most serene and beautiful places to visit in Indiana, for a day of camping, fishing, hunting or just rest and relaxation.

Contact Details:
Address: 2551 S. State Road 159
Dugger, IN 47848
Phone no: (812) 648-2810

To know more about Greene-Sullivan State Forest Click here.

Harrison-Crawford State Forest

Harrison-Crawford State Forest
Image source: http://www.in.gov/

Harrison-Crawford State Forest was established in the year 1932. The forest is located in the central and extreme southern part of the state, bordering the Ohio River.

Contact Details:

Address: 7240 Old Forest Road SW
Corydon, IN 47112
Phone no: (812) 738-7694

To know more about Harrison-Crawford State Forest Click here.

Jackson-Washington State Forest

Jackson-Washington State Forest covers nearly 18,000 acres of land in Jackson and Washington counties in the heart of southern Indiana.

Contact Details:
Address: 1278 E. SR 250
Brownstown, IN 47220
Phone no: (812) 358-2160

To know more about Jackson-Washington State Forest Click here.

Martin State Forest

Martin State Forest was established in the year 1932 with the purchase of 1,205 acres  of land.

Contact Details:
Address: 14040 Williams Rd.
Shoals, IN 47581
Phone no: (812) 247-3491

To know more about Martin State Forest Click here.

Morgan-Monroe State Forest

Morgan-Monroe State Forest
Image source: http://www.in.gov/

Morgan-Monroe State Forest covers more than 24,000 acres. It is located in Morgan and Monroe counties in south central Indiana.

Contact Details:
Address: 6220 Forest Rd.
Martinsville, IN 46151
Phone no: (765) 342-4026

To know more about Morgan-Monroe State Forest Click here.

Owen-Putnam State Forest

Owen-Putnam State Forest is one of the best hardwood forests in the country. The visitors can enjoy squirrel, turkey and deer hunting in the forest. One can also enjoy fishing and horse riding in this beautiful forest of south central Indiana.

Contact Details:
Address: 2153 Fishcreek Rd.
Spencer, IN 47460
Phone no: (812) 829-2462

To know more about Owen-Putnam State Forest Click here.

Pike State Forest

Pike State Forest in July 1997 came under the management of Ferdinand State Forest. It consists of 4,444 acres in southwestern Indiana.

Contact Details:
Address:  5994 E SR 364
Winslow, IN 47598
Phone no: (812) 367-1524

To know more about Pike State Forest Click here.

Salamonie River State Forest

Salamonie River State Forest
Image source: http://www.in.gov/

Salamonie River State Forest was established in the mid 1930's. The Forest was created as a demonstration riverside forest for the reclamation of eroded land.

Contact Details:
Address: 9214 West-Lost Bridge W.
Andrews, IN 46702
Phone no: (260) 468-2125

To know more about Salamonie River State Forest Click here.

Selmier State Forest

Mrs. Frank Selmier on behalf of her husband donated Selmier State Forest to the state of Indiana.

Contact Details:
Address:  905 E. CR 350 N.
North Vernon, IN 47265
Phone no: (812) 346-2286

To know more about Selmier State Forest Click here.

Yellowwood State Forest

Yellowwood State Forest was established in the year 1940 when federal land was leased to the state of Indiana.

Contact Details:

Address: 772 S. Yellowwood Rd.
Nashville, IN 47448
Phone no: (812) 988-7945

To know more about Yellowwood State Forest Click here.

Economy of Indiana

Indiana’s Economy consists of 17 metropolitan areas which includes: Anderson,Bloomington,Chicago-Joliet-Naperville,Cincinnati-Middletown, Columbus, Elkhart-Goshen, Evansville, Fort Wayne, Gary (Metropolitan Division),Indianapolis-Carmel,Kokomo,Lafayette,Louisville-Jefferson County, Michigan City-La Porte, Muncie, South Bend-Mishawaka and Terre Haute.

Agriculture in Indiana

Indiana is a home to more than 60,000 farms, and the state takes pride in its dynamic and diverse agricultural industry. Agriculture industry has contributed to the Indiana’s economy and has attained the status as the eighth leading agricultural exporter in US.  The top exported commodities of Indiana include corn, soybeans, pork and feeds and fodder.

For more Indiana Agricultural facts Click here.

Indiana Agriculture
Image source: http://www.in.gov/



Crops in Indiana

The major crops of Indiana are corn and soybeans. Other important crops of the states include hay and wheat. Vegetables in Indiana include tomato, cucumbers, onions, snap beans, potatoes, and sweet corn. Leading fruits that are found in Indiana are blueberries, apples and watermelons.

Live stock in Indiana

Indiana's most valuable livestock product is the Hogs. Other important live stock includes milk, beef cattle, eggs, ducks, turkeys and sheep.

Industries in Indiana

The Industrial sector of Indiana has largely contributed to the state’s economy. Indiana is defined as the world-class center of research and manufacturing. The Top most industries in Indiana include:

  • Advanced Manufacturing
  • Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Film Indiana
  • Information Technology
  • Life Sciences
  • Logistics
  • Motorsports
  • Defense and National Security


Natural resources of Indiana

Minerals in IndianaImage source: http://www.in.gov
Indiana produces about hundred different minerals. The state is best known for minerals like dolomite, calcite, pyrite, quartz, fluorite and celestite. Oil and gas is also produced in Indiana from a number of fields located in the east-central and southwestern regions of the state. Coal is another important mineral found in Indiana. The state also produces sand, stone and gravel for the constructions of roads, buildings, bridges and all the infrastructure of the state. Indiana also mines other essential minerals needed for today's life.

Business Quick Facts[7]
  • Private nonfarm establishments, 2012: 143, 9741
  • Private nonfarm employment, 2012: 2, 512, 9081
  • Private nonfarm employment, percent change, 2011-2012: 3.0%1
  • Nonemployer establishments, 2012: 387,735
  • Total number of firms, 2007: 482,847
  • Manufacturers shipments, 2007 ($1000): 221,877,814
  • Merchant wholesaler sales, 2007 ($1000): 67,634,947
  • Retail sales, 2007 ($1000): 78,745,589
  • Retail sales per capita, 2007: $12,408
  • Accommodation and food services sales, 2007 ($1000): 11,669,759

Tradition and Culture of Indiana

The U.S state of Indiana is varied and rich in culture and vibrant collection of traditional artists. These artists practice traditional arts. While Indiana’s ethnic diversity has historically been intensified in its largest urban areas. The people residing in northern, southern, and central Indiana have developed distinct artistic traditions which are heavily influenced by occupation, geography and settlement patterns. Some of the popular events that is celebrated in Indiana are mentioned below:

Blues at the Crossroads, Terre Haute

Thousands of people visit the Crossroads of America in Terre Haute to enjoy the annual Blues at the Crossroads.  This is a two day festival of great music at the corner of 7th Street and Wabash Avenue.

Fall Crafters Fair, Shipshewana
  
Fall Crafters Fair, Shipshewana
Image source: http://www.in.gov/

Thousands of people visit the fall crafters fair to shop the handiwork of artisans, carvers, quilters and painters since they display their work in tents throughout the festival. The festival takes places in the heart of Northern Indiana Amish Country. One can also enjoy the amazing abilities of musicians and cloggers including the Moonlight Bluegrass, Fall Crafters Fair Gospel Sing and more.

Feast of the Hunters' Moon, West Lafayette

Visit the Historic Fort Ouiatenon Park located on the banks of the Wabash River to experience the feast of the Hunters’ Moon. This festival is a recreation of the annual fall gathering of the French and Native Americans that took place near this fur-trading outpost in the mid-1700s. Hundreds of people come here to reenact the event. The artisans here demonstrate the crafts using only 18th century materials and methods.

Fort Vallonia Days, Fort Vallonia

This is a premier fall festival in southern Indiana.  In this festival one can enjoy Muzzleloader Shoot, Trail Ride, Squirrel Hunt, Archery Shoot, 5k Walk and Run, Horseshoe Pitch, Persimmon Pudding Eating Contest, Tomahawk and Knife Throw.

Johnny Appleseed Festival, Fort Wayne

Johnny Appleseed Festival, Fort Wayne
Image source: http://www.in.gov/

During this festival visitors are invited by the people of Fort Wayne to celebrate the pioneer spirit of John Chapman, better known as Johnny Appleseed.

To know more about Festivals in Indiana Click here.

Government of Indiana

The government of Indiana is a Republican government with three distinct branches the Executive branch, the Legislative branch and the judicial branch.

Indiana Government
Image source: http://www.in.gov/

The Executive Branch


The Head of the executive branch is the Governor, who is elected for a four year term. The present governor of Indiana is Governor Mike Pence. The duty of the governor is to look after the executive branch as the state’s chief executive officer. The Governor also recommends legislation with members of the Indiana General Assembly.

The Legislative Branch

Indiana General Assembly is the Legislative branch of Indiana. The Indiana General Assembly consists of House of Representatives and the Senate. The Indiana General Assembly consists of a 50 senate member and 100 House of Representatives member. The General Assembly, in odd-numbered years, meets in a sixty-one day session and the Assembly in even-numbered years, meets for thirty session days.

The Judiciary Branch

The Judiciary Branch of Indiana applies and employs law and regulates and ensures justice in the state. The Constitution of Indiana provides that the judicial power of the State is conferred in the Supreme Court, a Court of Appeals. Circuit Court and other such courts established by the General Assembly.

To know more about Government of Indiana Click here.

Demographics of Indiana

According to the United States Census Bureau the population of Indiana as on July 1, 2014 was 6,596,855, a 1.74% increase since the 2010 United States Census.

Population Quick Facts[8]

Population, 2014 estimate: 6,596,855
Population, 2013 estimate: 6,570,713
Population, 2010 (April 1) estimates base: 6,484,192
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014: 1.7%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013: 1.3%
Population, 2010: 6,483,802
Persons under 5 years, percent, 2013: 6.4%
Persons under 18 years, percent, 2013: 24.1%
Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2013: 13.9%
Female persons, percent, 2013: 50.7%
Indiana Racial Population

White alone, percent, 2013 (a): 86.3%
Black or African American alone, percent, 2013 (a): 9.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, 2013 (a) : 0.4%
Asian alone, percent, 2013 (a): 1.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, 2013 (a): 0.1%
Two or More Races, percent, 2013: 1.8%
Hispanic or Latino, percent, 2013 (b): 6.4%

Education of Indiana

The Indiana Department of Education is responsible in giving the best quality of support to the students, teachers, schools and parents of Indiana. The department continuously works with policy makers, Educators, business leaders and community based organizations to achieve the goal and set up an education system of high quality which is focused on student-centered accountability.

To Know more about Indiana Department of Education Click here.

Education in Indiana
Image source: http://www.in.gov/

The Indiana Commission for Higher Education was created in the year 1971. It is a 14-member public body to define the goal’s of colleges and universities of Indiana and plan and coordinate Indiana’s post secondary education system, and to make sure that Indiana's higher education system is gives support to meet the needs of students and the state.

To Know more about Indiana Commission for Higher Education  Click here.

The Top Universities of Indiana include: Ball State University,Indiana University–Bloomington, Indiana University–Northwest, Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis,Purdue University,University of Indianapolis,University of Evansville and Valparaiso University.


Transportation in Indiana

The Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) is responsible for regulating and maintaining transportation system of the state of Indiana. The department administers various programs to ensure safe, fast and convenient travel for the people of Indiana.

Indiana Transportation
Image source: http://www.in.gov/

Road transportation in Indiana

The state of Indiana consists of an extensive network of major roadways that offers truck access across Indiana. The truck freight network of the state is comprises of: Interstate highways, U.S. highways, state routes and other primary county roads, arterial roadways and other local and secondary arterials. There are several programs like the Sponsor-A-Highway Program and Adopt-A-Highway Program adopted by the Indiana Department of Transportation to improve road travel experience.

Air Transportation in Indiana

The Aviation division of INDOT is responsible for promoting safety of aviation throughout the state of Indiana. The transportation Department of Indiana strives to maintain a high level of safety within the state aviation system.  Indianapolis International Airport is a major operational hub for United States Postal Service and FedEx. However Indiana has 12 other commercial airports that offer airfreight opportunities for freight movement. The Federal Aviation Administration oversees and authorizes all flight operations in Indiana. Some of the major airports in Indiana include Indianapolis International Airport, Evansville Regional Airport, Fort Wayne International Airport and South Bend International Airport.

Rail Transportation in Indiana

INDOT's Rail Office is responsible for developing and preserving freight and passenger corridors throughout the state of Indiana. The freight rail system in Indiana consists of three class I railroads and 39 regional, local, and switching and terminal carriers. Norfolk, CSX and Southern have extensive rail networks in Indiana. The rail network of Indiana is consists of about 3,884 route miles of active rail lines.


References:
  1. Indiana Fast Facts
  2. Indiana during 17th and 18th century
  3. Indiana during the 19th century
  4. Indiana during the 20th Century
  5. Indiana during the 21st Century
  6. Indiana Statehood
  7. Business Quick Facts
  8. Population of Indiana

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